Free Essay: The Effects of Colonization on the Native Americans Native Americans had Lasting Effects of European Colonization on Native American Indians.
Table of contents
- THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY
- Effects of Europe's Colonization of Africa Essay Example
- Sections/Site Map/Menu..
Back in early African history, Europeans colonized and infiltrated African civilizations in order to make a profit and to be known as a superior nation. By doing this, European colonists "messed up" the traditional African lifestyle. African's were willing to let the colonists join them, but the Europeans went too far when they took over governments and tried to rule over the Africans.
This colonization led to many problems in Africa, that still affect modern day Africa. First of all, the problem can only be explained about where the colonists were located. France and Great Britain ruled other parts of Africa in the South, but not nearly as much as up North. Now, to talk about the Government of Africa, I'll have to explain the two different types of governing. There was direct rule French and indirect rule Great Britain.
The difference between these two different types of governing was that indirect rule was when a local chief or leader ruled the colony, but was used as just a messenger from a higher power of authority. For this reason, it is vital that those wishing to transform or resolve protracted conflict, acknowledge the past, and take into account the effects past imperialist policies continue to have on today's post-colonial and post-Soviet societies.
Chester A. Washington, D. Click here for document. Katz, "Collapsed Empires. Use the following to cite this article: Marker, Sandra. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Our inability to constructively handle intractable conflict is the most serious, and the most neglected, problem facing humanity. Solving today's tough problems depends upon finding better ways of dealing with these conflicts. Educators Consider a low-cost BI-based custom text. Constructive Conflict Initiative. Join Us in calling for a dramatic expansion of efforts to limit the destructiveness of intractable conflict.
Practical things we can all do to limit the destructive conflicts threatening our future. A free, open, online seminar exploring new approaches for addressing difficult and intractable conflicts. Major topic areas include:. Massively Parallel Peacebuilding. Authoritarian Populism. Constructive Confrontation.
THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY
Links to thought-provoking articles exploring the larger, societal dimension of intractability. Content may not be reproduced without prior written permission. Guidelines for Using Beyond Intractability resources. Citing Beyond Intractability resources.
Skip to main content. They were still bound to Colonial and Soviet Expansionism Western colonial expansion began during the 15th century when Spanish and Portuguese explorers conquered "new" lands in the West Indies and the Americas. Issues Affecting Postcolonial and Post-Soviet States By the s, after years of fighting for independence, most Western colonial territories e. Issues of particular importance included: Boundaries "Over a hundred new nations were born during the process of de-colonization.
Unequal Distribution of Resources The practice of favoring one ethnic, religious, racial, or other cultural group over others in colonial society, or of giving them a higher status, helped to promote inter-group rivalries, and often contributed to the unequal distribution of resources.
Effects of Europe's Colonization of Africa Essay Example
Human Rights The status, privilege, and wealth of colonial and Soviet ruling populations were often maintained and upheld through the use of policies that violated the human rights of those living in the colonized areas. Lack of Governmental Institutions, Skills, and Experience For the most part, colonial and Soviet satellite societies were repressive and undemocratic in nature. Additional Resources. More from Beyond Intractability. Recent Posts. They also caused cultural blending, but left a devastating impact on the Native American population.
An example of cultural influence is that most of the territories that Spain conquered speak Spanish as their official language and incorporate some sort of Spanish dance, music, food, and traditions into their culture.
Spain also benefited from the enormous profit being generated. The Dutch were intense rivals with Portugal and Spain, and also wanted to colonize to expand their trade and increase their wealth to obtain superiority. When the Portuguese established their empire in Asia, the Dutch were eager to benefit from their profit and so they conquered most of these lands for themselves.
They even established the first permanent colony at the Cape of Good Hope in Africa. Like the other Europeans, the Dutch were also eager in colonizing in the Americas. They began to colonize in the Americas when they found that there was no Northwest Passage, and so that they might as well colonize the New World. Besides this, the Dutch did not have much territory in the Americas.
Eventually, the English drove the Dutch out of the Americas and they began to decline in status. Dutch territory in the Americas was ruled by a governor appointed by the king, and they relied on the fur trade for their source of economic profit. They established trading centers and posts, and traded with the Natives and French, although they ran into many conflicts with the Native tribes. The Dutch preferred private companies to establish colonies by granting them a monopoly on any trade they might conduct.
Despite generating some profit from the fur trade, the Dutch were declining progressively and were pushed out of their territory by the English. The Dutch created many hostilities with the Natives and led to future disputes and conflicts. They sometimes over-trapped beavers for their fur, which disrupted the natural balance of things. France was also involved in colonization.
They initially began searching for a Northwest Passage to Asia, but ended up colonizing in the Americas when they realized that they could not find an alternate route. France, like its predecessors, wanted a part of the wealth and trade occurring in the Americas. Their primary source of profit was the fur trade with the Indians. In , Samuel Champlain arrived in New France to trade furs and established a productive trading system with the Natives.
He successfully accomplished that and also conquered all of eastern Canada, including Quebec, Montreal, and Nova Scotia. In addition for the wealth and profit, France, as well as Spain and Portugal, wanted to gain converts. They all tried to convert the Natives by establishing missionaries. The French set up trading centers and posts and lived together with the Natives, promoting peace and prosperity for a while.
The French were smart enough not to get into conflict with the Indians sine that would damage their trade and economic prosperity.
The French benefited from the enormous revenues gained from the fur trade, which they sold in Europe for its high demand and popularity. The French spread their culture with the Indians, since they lived together and established close relationships. An example of cultural influence in the Americas is that Canada speaks French, which recognizes French influence on future American nations. For example, England has conquered numerous communities and civilizations. Although they did seek wealth and profit, it was not their main priority.
Many came for religious freedom and tolerance, political persecution, and to start a brand new life. The first colony was in Jamestown, Virginia, established by John Smith. Just when the colony was ready to collapse, John Smith and John Rolfe saved the colony. Soon, they introduced tobacco, which became immensely popular, and they made great profit from their sales. Others came in search for religious freedom and toleration.
The Pilgrims wanted to separate from the English Church, so they came to Plymouth and established a colony. Eventually, the English colonies included 13, stretching form Maine all the way down south to Georgia.
Later on, the English gained all French territory in the Americas, making it the most dominant nation in North America. Governors were appointed by the English government to govern each colony, and the colonists had very few liberties. Strict laws and rising taxes were placed upon the colonists, and eventually they revolted and gained their independence, forming the early United States.
The English also controlled the northern part of Canada, as well as a few Caribbean islands. They also established trading posts scattered throughout Asia. The English made sure they had tight control of their territory since the last thing they wanted was to lose such profit. Relations with the Indians usually ended in conflict as colonists kept pushing inland, as the population began to increase gradually.
Warfare and bloodshed between the Natives and English was not uncommon. The English have left great influence on the United States, but have also inflicted great damage to the Natives. English customs, such as language, literature, art, and others, are still seen today. European colonization occurred all over the Americas, but they all shared something in common.
They all had similar impacts on their colonies, regardless their civilization or location. The most productive aspect of colonization is the cultural blending that took place, which led to the birth of several different civilizations and cultures. Because colonization in the Americas was sponsored by several different nations, each of these nations brought that culture with them and transplanted upon their colonies.
When these colonies meet, ideas and beliefs were exchanged, allowing cultural diffusion. This blending of culture brought about new cultures, and as different people mixed together, they produced new civilizations of people. The most negative aspect of European colonization is the millions of lives that were lost over senseless bloodshed and warfare.
The Natives were forced out of their land and they were robbed and cheated from.